قال الله تعالى

 {  إِنَّ اللَّــهَ لا يُغَيِّــرُ مَـا بِقَــوْمٍ حَتَّــى يُـغَيِّـــرُوا مَــا بِــأَنْــفُسِــــهِـمْ  }

سورة  الرعد  .  الآيـة   :   11

ahlaa

" ليست المشكلة أن نعلم المسلم عقيدة هو يملكها، و إنما المهم أن نرد إلي هذه العقيدة فاعليتها و قوتها الإيجابية و تأثيرها الإجتماعي و في كلمة واحدة : إن مشكلتنا ليست في أن نبرهن للمسلم علي وجود الله بقدر ما هي في أن نشعره بوجوده و نملأ به نفسه، بإعتباره مصدرا للطاقة. "
-  المفكر الجزائري المسلم الراحل الأستاذ مالك بن نبي رحمه الله  -

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لنكتب أحرفا من النور،quot لنستخرج كنوزا من المعرفة و الإبداع و العلم و الأفكار

الأديبــــة عفــــاف عنيبـــة

السيـــرة الذاتيـــةالسيـــرة الذاتيـــة

أخبـــار ونشـــاطـــاتأخبـــار ونشـــاطـــات 

اصــــدارات الكـــــاتبــةاصــــدارات الكـــــاتبــة

تـــواصـــل معنــــــاتـــواصـــل معنــــــا


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Religion

Factors behind the Decline of Islamic Civilization However, while the Islamic civilization had enjoyed this glory in its early centuries, out of blue, the sudden decline has emerged in the early 11 century! This gives rise to a number of questions. One of these concerns is what is the factors that have led the Muslim world and their civilization to this weak position? In order to answer this question correctly, we need to recall the factors that enable Muslims to perform extremely in various fields in the earlier centuries of Islam. Did Islam play a positive role in the development…
Factors behind the rise of Islamic civilization 1. Spiritual power: A tremendous impulse was given to the Muslim community to explore life and the world around them (life and world created for a purpose) to spread the word of Allah, as such, the early Muslim argued Muhammad Iqbal(1985) realized the importance of Ijtihad or exercising human intellect that is allowed by Islam, they started to swim in the various field of Knowledge that later contributed to the rise of the Islamic civilization, bearing in mind that the first revelation to prophet Muhammad (S.A) is strongly urging Muslims to seek knowledge. 2.…
Characteristics of Islamic Civilization 1- Based on the Tawhid - Al- Faruqi(1992) argued that Muslim civilization was the first universal civilization that was based on a pure and strict Unitarianism (unity of God) .The only One Who deserves submission, the only One Who deserves worship and the only One Who deserves absolute obedience. 2- Universality It is undeniable fact, that one of the characteristics of Islam stated al-Qardawi (1985) is universality. Automatically, it means Islamic civilization was universal civilization, and the first civilization which embraces the entire humanity. It declared equality of all human beings of all descents, races, colors. It is attributed to…
Definition What is civilization? Civilization according to Fernand(1995) is derived from the Latin word civilis, which means civil. Other related Latin words are civis, meaning citizen, and civitas, meaning city. Over the years it has been used to indicate various meanings. In the 18th century, the word was used to distinguish behavior. Behaving as a civil person was the opposite as behaving as a barbarian. Later on, during the time of the French Revolution (late 1700s to early 1800s), the word referred to humanity argued Samuel(1996) in  its entirety, rather than just a specific group of people. As more modern…
ABSTRACT Civilization is widespread of quality civic idea, supported by full development of arts, maintained with enthusiasm to pursuit the knowledge in which many ethnicities and religions may participate. It begins from the time of the settlement of the first man on this earth. Almost every nation has contributed to the history of civilization, although the contribution may vary from one nation to another. What may distinguish one civilization from one another is the strength of the foundation on which these civilizations have been founded and the impact these civilizations have made to humanity as a whole. Based on this…
According to the commentators of the Qur’an, the women of Medina in the pre-Islamic era used to put their khumur over the head with the two ends tucked behind and tied at the back of the neck, in the process exposing their ears and neck. By saying that, “place the khumur over the bosoms,” Almighty Allah ordered the women to let the two ends of their headgear extend onto their bosoms so that they conceal their ears, the neck, and the upper part of the bosom also.3 This is confirmed by the way the Muslim women of the Prophet’s era understood this commandment of…
Abul Qasim al-Zahrawi (963-1013 CE) who is recognized as Albucasis to the West, was a renowned surgeon in his time, at the court of Caliph al- Hakam II , whom students and patients from the muslim worldand Europe flocked to him. He wrote the medical encyclopedia al-Tasrif li man ajaz an-il-talif, which enclosed 30 segments of surgical facts and drawings of 200 surgical tools, majority of which he designed himself. The Encyclopedia was not only a typical one for physicians, but it was being used for five era later as the standard textbook on surgery in universities in Europe. He…
Prior to Newton, Abul Barakat Hebattullah bin Malaka stated in his book, The Considered in Wisdom that “In the wrestling arena, everyone has a force practiced against the other. If one of them retreated, this does not mean that his power disappears, but this retreated power still exists, because without it the second one would not need it to influence the first one”. The same meaning has been reiterated in the writings of Imam Fakhr ElDin Al-Razi in his book The Eastern Disciplines in Theology and Natural Sciences. He pointed out that “the circle is pulled by two equal forces…
Al-Haytham’s advancement to geometry and number theory went well beyond the Archimedean tradition. AlHaytham also operated on analytical geometry and the early stages of the link between algebra and geometry. Subsequently, this work headed to pure mathematics with the harmonious fusion of algebra and geometry that was exemplified by Descartes in geometric analysis and by Newton in calculus. Al-Haytham was a scientist who made major contributions to the fields of mathematics, physics and astronomy during the latter half of the tenth century. John Peckham's use of alHatham's kitab Al-Manazir and Witelo's optics in the late thirteen century, has echoes of…
Introduction To the Muslims, history is a chain of incidents that inform the time values of Islam; it concentrates on knowing and “realizing” these ideologies than in nurturing uniqueness and change as essential virtues. The symbol of Islamic civilization is not a rolling river, but the dice of the Ka‘bah; the firmness of which represents the everlasting and incontrovertible character of Islam.i The arts and sciences in Islam are based on the idea of unity, which is the heart of the Muslim revelation. All unpretentious Islamic art, whether it be the Alhambra or the Paris Mosque, carries the plastic methods through…
السبت, 24 تشرين1/أكتوير 2020 15:07

Science and the Art of the Islamic World

كتبه
Introduction The works of art featured in this unit were created with a practical purpose in mind. Together, they highlight achievements in three of the most developed scientific disciplines in the Islamic world: astronomy, astrology, and medicine. Scientists in the Islamic world drew on Greco-Roman, Indian, Persian, Egyptian, and Chinese traditions to formulate many of the principles that today are recognized as the foundation of modern science. One of the Islamic world’s most significant contributions to modern science was the translation of mathematical, medical, and astronomical texts from their original languages into Arabic. These texts, along with many other Greek…
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